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182                               Medicine
the before-mentioned sections of the Ebers Papyrus. It con-
tains forty-eight long sections, each dealing with a particular
case, i.e. the affection of a particular region or organ, and in
addition to these it contains thirteen medico-magical incanta-
tions and prescriptions. These latter fall into the same class
(Group II) as those which constitute the greater part of the
Ebers and other papyri.
(4)  Ike Chester-Beatty Papyrus.   The sixth papyrus in this
collection (British Museum, No, 10686) is likewise bi-partite in
character, and dates from the Nineteenth Dynasty. The recto
contains a series of prescriptions and remedies for affections of
the anus and rectum, and might almost be called an early treatise
on proctology.   Although the general arrangement resembles
the unscientific medico-magical recipes, yet there is an impor-
tant difference from these which will be alluded to in the sequel.
The verso is filled with spells and incantations of the popular
(5)  The Berlin Medical Papyrus (XlXth Dynasty; Berlin
Museum, No. 3038). It contains 204 sections and is similar in
character to the Ebers and Hearst papyri, of both of which it
contains some duplicate passages.  It is mostly of the popular
type, but contains some elements drawn from the medical
sources of Group I.
(6)   The Kahun Papyrus was discovered at Lahun in the
Faiyum in Lower Egypt in 1889.  It is older in date than any
other published medical papyri1 and must be assigned to the
Twelfth or Thirteenth Dynasties. Although very fragmentary,
it contains the remains of thirty-four sections, all dealing with
one subject—gynaecology. A considerable part of this document
consists of extracts from the same general medical treatise as that
represented by certain parts of the Ebers and Edwin Smith
papyri, such sections being readily recognized by the standard-
1 Two unpublished medical papyri of the Middle Kingdom are known to
the writer.